Bodhapancadasika by Abhinavagupta IX
Fifteen Verses of Wisdom
TODAY I AM GOING TO TALK ABOUT A SHORT
text entitled “Fifteen Verses of Wisdom” (bodhapancadasika) by
Abhinavagupta, the great master of all aspects of Kashmir
Saivism. These fifteen verses provide a brief exposition, and capture
the essence, of the doctrine of Kashmir Saivism.
9. This Lord Siva, who is completely independent
(svatantra), has the diversity of creation and destruction
existing in His own nature. And, at the same time,
this diversity is found existing in its own way as the
field of ignorance.
This is why our masters have taught us to meditate, to find out
what the rock truly is. When you meditate then the rock will
When there is nothing then there is no problem. When there is
only yourself then there is a problem. When there is only the
other person then there is a problem. But when you come to know
that you are universal then there is no problem. This is why meditation
has been expounded in Saivism, in order for you to realize
the reality of God Consciousness.
Creation and destruction (sristi-samhara) also take place
together. In this way there is creation and destruction in the cycle
of action, and creation and destruction in the cycle of knowledge.
Creation and destruction in the cycle of action is just what takes
place in the world of ignorance. For instance, there is a mountain.
It is created and it exists in the realm of action. The results of this
action are that after one thousand centuries this mountain will
become dust. It will fall and crumble. This is creation and
destruction in the cycle of action.
Now, you have to transform this action, the activity of this created
thing, into knowledge. Then action will become universal. In
that universality there is knowledge, pure knowledge (purnajnana).
So, in this creation and destruction, when action is created,
knowledge is destroyed, and when knowledge is created,
action is destroyed.
For instance, I perceive a mountain, it is in action. It is gradually
crumbling into dust. If I perceive it in knowledge, the knowledge
of God Consciousness will transform this perception making
it universal, and I will not feel that it is in action. The reason
being that after one thousand centuries, this mountain will
become dust. I will feel that it has taken the formation of dust. I
will not feel that it is destroyed. So it was not in action, it was in
knowledge. In universality a rock is God and dust is also God.
Knowing that there is no difference between the dust and the
rock is knowledge. In the beginning the dust was rock and it had
the shape of rock. After two thousand centuries the shape of the
rock changed and it became dust. And yet, when there is real
knowledge, there is no difference between these two, the rock and
dust. That is God.
So the variation of creation and destruction take place in this
way so that there is no effect at all, no effect in either way. If the
variation of creation and destruction were only in action, and not
in knowledge, then creation and destruction would actually take
place. But whenever, after many lifetimes, real knowledge dawns,
you will find out and you will recognize that from the very beginning
nothing has actually happened. You were already there.
Though real knowledge appeared to be destroyed, it was not
destroyed. This is the trick, the play of Lord Siva – to make knowledge
appear as if it has been destroyed.
So what is the purpose of action? It is completely independent
and it is play. The purpose of this action is play.
It is said,
At the time of reaching the superstate of God Consciousness,
pleasure and pain have no value. Pleasure is the
same, pain is the same, death is the same, life is the
same. At that moment bondage and liberation are the
same. Existence and nonexistence are the same. Becoming
a rock and becoming intelligent are the same.
In verse nine, Abhinavagupta explained that the varieties of
creation and destruction are residing in Lord Siva’s own nature.
Lord Siva creates, protects, and destroys this universe. Lord Siva
also, in His own nature, conceals and reveals Himself. In the next
verse he says: (ver item X).
Retirado de Self Realization in Kashmir Shaivism The Oral Teachings of Swami Lakshmanjoo
Foreword by Lance Nelson